Welding Methods for Industrial Shelving Units

Manufacturing metals can be a complex process, and there are many different tasks to be completed to produce quality parts. One process with a major impact on final quality is welding, a process used extensively in producing industrial shelving units. Put simply, welding is the process of attaching pieces of metal to each other and is a very skill intensive trade. It is important to get a welding job done right as it could impact the final strength of the industrial shelving units.

Welding usually uses a filler metal which is passed into the join to attach two metals or thermoplastic pieces. Heat or pressure is used to complete the join. Some of the main welding methods used in sheet metal manufacturing include:

  • Stick Welding – the process uses a handheld electrode to make an extremely hot arc at the tip, which melts the metals, allowing them to join. It is the cheapest form of welding and it is quite portable, capable of being performed outside and in tight spaces. However, it is a slow process, inefficient, and cannot produce some precise joins in industrial shelving units.
  • MIG Welding – involves a filler metal being fed through a wand to the join while surrounded with an inert gas. This prevents any external reactions from outside elements. It is easily learned and once mastered can produce incredibly smooth and clean welds which are vital for visible surfaces in sheet metal manufacturing.
  • TIG Welding – this is one of the rare methods of welding which does not need a filler metal to complete. The method uses a tungsten electrode and a constant stream of gas to protect the weld from outside reactions. It can produce very clean welds with almost zero cleanups required and the welds are typically much more appealing for visible surfaces such as the faces of industrial shelving units. It requires a lot of skill to perform.

To learn more about welding for industrial shelving units, visit Premier Engineering, the metal manufacturing experts.

The CO2 and Nd:YAG Laser – What Works Best Through a Laser Cutting Service?

You have two options to choose from when finding a laser cutting material for your sheet metal manufacturing process or for when you have something else to cut. These two sources are the CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers. You should compare the two choices together when seeing what works for your laser cutting demands.

CO2

First, there is the carbon dioxide or CO2 laser. A staple in the laser cutting service industry, CO2 generates infrared light. It is absorbed by plastic, glass and acrylic materials among other organic items. The infrared light produced by a CO2 laser is strong enough to cut through many surfaces.

Nd:YAG

The Nd:YAG laser use neodymium that has been spread along a crystal made with yttrium aluminum garnet. The combination generates a laser with a near-infrared wavelength that is smaller than what a CO2 laser uses. The Nd:YAG laser works on metals and other inorganic surfaces. The laser cannot be absorbed by traditional organic compounds.

What Works Best?

The Nd:YAG laser is best for sheet metal manufacturing as it offers more power for going through thicker surfaces. The smaller wavelength allows the laser to cut through even the toughest metals. It is also appropriate for your engraving and boring needs. A laser cutting service may adjust the intensity of the laser to fit along your metal.

A CO2 laser works best if you have organic compounds or if you have lighter surfaces that can go alongside a metal construction. You can use CO2 lasers for cutting plastic tubes or surfaces, for instance. CO2 is also ideal for when you need something that works longer. This laser choice is designed with repetition in mind.

Be sure to see what you are using when contacting a laser cutting service for help with producing sheet metal or anything else you might require for a project. Premier Engineering can help you figure what is right for your task at hand.

Sheet Metal Manufacturing Works For Metal Items of All Gauges

One measurement you might come across when looking for sheet metal manufacturing services entails the gauge of your metal. This refers to how thick your metal is.

The gauge on your sheet metal is an approximate measurement of how well the metal is designed. The gauge is used as an international measurement standard to identify how well your sheet metal is built. You can use this measurement total when getting a laser cutting service to help you with producing an application that fits well with your demands in mind.

Lower Numbers

The lowest gauge numbers are indicative of your sheet metal being thicker. The smallest gauge number is the 3 gauge. This means that the sheet metal is 0.24 inches or 6.1mm thick.

The 4 gauge is for metal that is 0.224 inches or 5.7mm thick. You will then move up to other numbers with the 8 gauge stating that the metal is 0.1644 inches or 4.2mm thick and so forth.

Higher Numbers

Your sheet metal will be thinner when its gauge number is higher. This means that a laser cutting service would have an easier time cutting through the metal, but it might also be extremely flexible to where it could be damaged if not handled appropriately. A 20 gauge means that the metal is 0.036 inches or 0.9mm thick.

The highest gauge number in the sheet metal manufacturing industry is 38. This means the sheet metal is 0.006 inches or 0.15mm thick.

What About Other Metals?

The numbers listed here are specifically made with standard sheet metal in mind. Be advised that any other type of metal you use could have its own gauge numbers, but their totals would follow a different standard.

For instance, standard sheet metal with a gauge of 15 has a thickness of 0.67 inches. For galvanized steel, that thickness goes up to 0.071 inches. It would only be 0.04 inches for zinc.

You must look at the gauge on your metal when working on a sheet metal manufacturing project. Contact Premier Engineering if you need extra help with finding sheet metal or other surfaces at a gauge that fits your project or laser cutting needs.

How Thick Should the Materials For Sheet Metal Manufacturing Be?

As you look to utilize sheet metal for any intention, you have to look at how well the materials you require are built. You could find metal that is extremely thin or rather thick depending on what your demands might be.

But as you look for a quality sheet metal material, you will have to look carefully at your demands. You must find an application in the sheet metal manufacturing process that fits the demands you have.

How Much Weight?

Naturally, sheet metal can handle more weight at a time when it is thicker. This comes from the metal being dense and less likely to break apart. Of course, a thicker metal material would be heavier and tougher to move around.

How About the Shape?

The metal fabrication process can entail thinner sheet metal if you need a more elaborate shape or design to your metal materials. Although any kind of sheet metal surface can be bent into many shapes or angles, it is often easier to do this when you have slimmer metal sheets to work with.

How Much Pressure?

Thicker metal can handle physical pressure more than other surfaces. It can handle corrosive materials a little better as well. Many metal compounds are coated and engineered to resist corrosive items anyway but the risk is still dramatically lower when you have a thicker surface to work with.

Review the Gauge

Whatever it is you plan on doing with your sheet metal, you should look at the gauge total on its application. The gauge refers to the thickness of the metal as represented by a number.

A sheet with a higher gauge number is thinner. An 8-gauge sheet metal application is 0.165 inches thick while a 14-gauge one is 0.075 inches thick. This goes all the way to a 30-gauge unit that is only 0.012 inches thick.

We at Premier Engineering offer all sorts of sheet metal surfaces in many gauges. Talk with us to figure out which option is right for the specific project you need to take care of.

 

Articles from Premier Engineering

 

How Are Racks and Shelves Used For Sheet Metal Storage Solutions?

A sheet metal manufacturing team can help you produce quality storage spots for anything in your home or business. The ways how racks and shelves in your storage solutions are organized should be reviewed well as those parts of a storage space are just as important as the main body itself.

Can You Remove Them?

Some storage solutions allow you to remove racks or shelves. A series of aligners should be applied to the sides of the storage unit to guide the racks as you add or remove them. Depending on what you order, you could get a series of anchors that lock shelves in place after they are inserted. You could then remove those anchors and reposition them on different spots if you need to adjust the heights of your shelves.

There is also the option to add small wheels and rails that let you roll shelves out or back in without the unit being removed all the way. This is similar to what you might find in a traditional tool chest.

How Much Weight?

The shelves produced by a sheet metal manufacturing team should be made with the same materials as the rest of your storage spot. Sometimes the shelves might be a little thicker to support more weight. Review what you plan on adding into your storage space and see how much weight would be involved.

What Will You Store?

Get a plan set up to where you understand what you will add into your storage unit. A team can work alongside your plans and create a storage spot with the precise measurements and shelving setups that you need. You could even ask for individual levels for your storage spot to be measured based on the versatile storage plans you have for your work. This should add a distinct layout that is easy to follow.

Look at how well the racks and shelves in your storage solutions are designed. See how you would plan on using them before ordering a setup of use.

 

Key Points For the Sheet Metal Manufacturing Process to See

Any efforts for sheet metal manufacturing that take place must be utilized with extreme care. Several points have to be used in the manufacturing process to see that the sheet metal being used is of the best possible quality.

How Thick Is the Metal?

The metal should relatively thin although the specifics for how thin it should be vary. Sheet metal is typically found in sizes from 0.4 to 6 mm thick. These are thin enough to allow for the metal to be cut but still thick to where they will not bend on their own without the use of a proper die that would be incorporated in the manufacturing process.

What Form of Cutting Works?

The cutting process is critical for sheet metal manufacturing plans. Three forms of cutting are typically used:

  1. Shearing works to separate large pieces. The metal is cut on a straight line between two edges.
  2. Blanking cuts individual parts and focuses on smaller items. The goal is to separate one small piece of the metal from the rest of the stock.
  3. Punching occurs as holes are cut into the sheet metal.

Most cuts are done with laser materials. These ensure a smooth cut while also creating a proper shape that stands out and looks its best.

What About Bending?

Sheet metal materials can be bent just as well. A wiping die or a V-shaped die may be used in the process. Either option helps to produce an accurate shape that allows the sheet to fit in properly within a setup. The die may be configured by a computer to create a proper measurement for how many degrees the sheet metal is to be bent.

The sheet metal manufacturing process has to be engineered and prepared perfectly to ensure that different components can be secured. It must be checked appropriately and with care to see that anything being utilized at a given time will work properly.