Q & A for Switchboard Installation Rules

Q1. Can you drill a weal hole in an IP-rated electrical enclosure to manage condensation issues.

A. This is not an acceptable method to manage condensation as it destroys the IP rating of the enclosure. Condensation issues are now to be managed by using suitable IP-rated breathing equalization valves to assist with changes in humidity and drainage of moisture.

Q2.  Can I run the actives from the main switchboard installation to a distribution board and run the neutral from another distribution board.

A. All conductors of a sub-main or a final sub-circuit must be connected on one switchboard.

Q3. What is the new switchboard standard?

A. The AS/NZS 61439 series published in 2016 is the new switchboard installation The old standard, AS/NZS 3439 series, is still valid until 2021. AS/NZS 3000:2018 now provides new standards, which references the new switchboard standard.

Q4. Where do we need to use arc fault detection (AFDDs) devices?

A. These devices are used to detect arc faults in subcircuit wiring and not in switchboard installation, which pose a fire risk and sites where combustible construction material is stored. The use of AFDDs is not mandatory; however, the use of such devices is measured as good practice.

Stay tuned with ES4U for more info!!

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Laser Cutting Service

Using a trusted laser cutting service in Sydney is a great way to create spectacular products with unique designs for a number of purposes. However, if you’re looking for the best Laser cutting service, there are a few key factors that would affect your choice. Whether you’re looking to get laser-cut intercom facia plates to spec or stunning laser-cut shapes, here are some crucial factors that can help you get the best outcome in every case.

  1. Choosing the right material- Different lasers and cutting techniques are required to cut different types of materials. If you’re unsure whether your material, just asks the professionals if their lasers can work on your chosen material or not. Asking upfront will also avoid confusion and save you a lot of time. In case, you have no clue about choosing the right material for your product, don’t hesitate to ask the experts at a trusted laser cutting service, such as Excellaser laser cutting. They will be glad to help you out.
  1. Design: In order to get the exact products as you’ve envisioned in your mind, you should have a clear-cut idea about the outcome you want. Try to describe every feature in great detail to the designer to achieve precise laser-cut shapes for your products. If you need some inspiration for laser-cut decorative metal screens, laser-cut decorative timber panels, or other products, designers at experienced firms can show you many successful designs to choose from. However, when it comes to creating your own designs for things like laser cut house numbers or laser cut checkered metal floor plate, it’s recommended to consider some important things including size, colors, layers, weight, file type, and lines.
  1. Cost – The cost of laser cutting services may vary depending on the complexity of your job and the type of material you’ve chosen for your product. If the company hasn’t put their cost structure for various laser cutting jobs in their catalog, make sure to inquire about the same. Be it the laser cut shims or laser cut sculpture panels, hiring a professional laser cutting service in Sydney is probably the best investment you can make because it guarantees extremely accurate laser cut shapes based on your requirements. 
  1. Industry: Another important factor to consider while choosing a laser cutting service in Sydney is your industry type. There are times when it becomes really difficult for inexperienced business owners to choose the most suitable laser cutting services based on their industry. So, it makes sense to go for well-established companies, such as Excellaser laser cutting, because they cater to both large and small scale projects for almost all industries in Australia.
  1. Results: The best way to determine the quality of products you get from a laser cutting company is to see their portfolio. At Excellaser laser cutting, we use the most cutting-edge technology and unrivaled expertise of our professionals to create flawless products every single time. It’s important to pick a laser cutting service that knows how to provide efficient laser cutting services to its customers within their budget. Understanding laser cutting processes and knowing the expertise of their professionals can help you avoid any issues later on and help you know what to expect.

For more information and to get the most reliable laser cutting service in Canberra, get in touch with Premier Engineering laser cutting today!

Things to Consider when Designing Your Outdoor Kitchen

An outdoor kitchen is definitely one of the best investments you can make for your home. It becomes an extension of your living space by serving as an additional cooking and entertaining area. Outdoor kitchens come in a variety of styles and designs—it can be as simple as a grill area with table and chairs or as elaborate as a fully outfitted kitchen complete with appliances and a dining area. No matter what your preferences may be, designing and building an outdoor kitchen requires careful thought and planning.

Many homeowners think that outdoor kitchens are only for summer cookouts and barbeque, but a truly efficient outdoor kitchen is one that can be utilized at any time of the year (providing the weather permits of course). Investing in such an outdoor kitchen will require money though, and to make your investment worth it, you’ll want to keep these design considerations in mind as you plan your outdoor kitchen.

Finding the Right Spot

Not because it’s an outdoor kitchen means you can build it just anywhere in your backyard—you’ll have to carefully choose the perfect spot for it to be built. There are several factors that you should consider when choosing the right spot for your outdoor kitchen.

For instance, you’ll want to place your cooktop or grill a bit farther from the house. This is so that the smoke that comes out while you’re cooking doesn’t waft into your living room or any other area of the house. You wouldn’t want your living room sofa to be smelling of smoke the next time you lie on it, would you? Besides, the smoke can stick to your curtains which can not only make it smell but turn it darker as well.

Also, you’ll want to position it in such a way that you get to enjoy sunlight as you cook (if you’re having lunch or an afternoon cookout). Difficult lighting can make it a challenge to cook or grill, or even prepare your food for cooking. Of course, you can remedy this by installing task lighting, but still, nothing beats those gorgeous beams from the sun.

In most cases, the dining area of your outdoor kitchen is best situated near the entrance to your indoor kitchen. This is because you may need to carry certain items and bring them out from time to time. By putting your dining area close to your indoor kitchen, you won’t have to travel long distances to get those plates, glasses, or whatever item you may need.

Lastly, don’t forget to choose a safe location. For instance, there is usually high traffic at the entrance to your doors or backyard gate. As such, you’ll want to keep hazardous items and appliances like your grill a little farther away. This way, you won’t have to worry about children crashing their bikes on hot grills and causing burns and other unfortunate accidents.

When designing your outdoor kitchen, be sure to take into account all the other items or structures that are present or you intend to have in your backyard. For instance, if you want to build a swimming pool sometime in the near future, be sure to allot a sufficient portion of your backyard for it. The worst thing that can happen is that you have to demolish a part of your outdoor kitchen just to make way for the pool.

Planning for Appliances

If you want a fully functional outdoor kitchen, then you’re going to need more than a barbeque grill and a table, and some chairs. You can consider having refrigerators and ovens installed, or have some kitchen cabinets under an island built. As such, you’ll want to make sure that you choose the right type of appliances—the kinds that are truly suitable for an outdoor kitchen.

Unless you plan to have a roof installed over your outdoor kitchen, chances are that your appliances will be exposed to the sun, rain, and a host of other outside elements. As such, you’ll want to invest in appliances that can withstand such exposure. For instance, stainless steel appliances tend to fare much better in the outdoors as they are more resistant to rust and corrosion.

In addition, be sure to know exactly what appliances you will need and plan how much space it will need. For example, if you’re mostly into grilling and barbeques, you may want to avoid buying that lovely oven you saw at the store. Sure, you may want to bake a pizza every once in a while, but if you’re not going to use it very often, then maybe you should just do your baking in your indoor kitchen.

Enhance the Ambience

Outdoor kitchens are extensions of your living spaces, and as such, you’ll want to make sure that they are truly fitted for entertainment and comfort. So aside from cooking appliances, you can have other items that can make this space one that you, your family, and your guests will love to chill and hang out in.

For instance, you can have cushioned chairs or outdoor sofas instead of plain metal or wooden chairs. Keep in mind though that such furniture will require more maintenance and upkeep, so best prepare yourself for some work if you want to keep them looking great. You may also want to have ambient lighting installed. This is perfect for setting the mood, especially during evening cookouts and parties. They’re also perfect for lighting pathways and other areas of your backyard.

Aside from that, and if you have the budget for it, why not take it a notch higher? How about installing a pond and filling them with aquatic plants and ornamental fish? Or maybe you could have a small fountain built next to the outdoor kitchen if you want to. Does it get really cold in your place? What about installing a fireplace for those chilly nights? The possibilities are endless—you’ll just have to get creative.

Another way of enhancing the ambiance and comfort levels of your kitchen is by having shades built. A slight rain or the scorching sun is one of those things that can ruin an otherwise perfect cookout. By having a tall roof or a pergola built over your outdoor kitchen (or dining area at least), you will be able to better enjoy your cooking and dining experience.

Have Storage Spaces Built

As it is with your indoor kitchen, you also need to have kitchen cabinets and storage spaces for your outdoor kitchen to keep cooking utensils and ingredients at hand as you cook. You don’t want to have to constantly run into your indoor kitchen to get spices or a tong or anything else you may need while you’re cooking nor grilling outside, do you?

There are several ways to have storage areas built in your outdoor kitchen depending on your desired style and design. The most popular though is by installing kitchen cabinets or drawers under the countertop or an island.

You’ll have to keep certain things in mind when planning and designing storage spaces for your outdoor kitchen. For one, choose materials that are weatherproof, or at least have the contractor seal and weatherproof them. Second, coordinate the storage spaces with the flooring or countertop for a cleaner and more seamless look. Lastly, you may want to choose materials that are easy to maintain and clean since they’ll be constantly exposed to grease, oil, and dirt.

Planning to Build an Outdoor Kitchen? We Can Help

Having an outdoor kitchen built is one of the best investments you can make for your home. Not only will it provide you with additional space for cooking and entertainment, but it will also help to enhance the market value of your home should you ever decide to sell it. However, you will only be able to truly enjoy these benefits if your outdoor kitchen is built right—that is, with the right design, the right appliances, and the right materials. If you’re not sure about your design or need some help in choosing the appliances to be installed and materials to be used in the construction, we can help.

Here at Dream Kitchens, we specialize in constructing custom-built kitchens using the materials that you choose and the color or theme you select. This is the best way to ensure that you are getting a kitchen—whether that be indoors or outdoors—that meets your requirements. And we don’t just design the layout of your indoor or outdoor kitchens; we also offer plumbing, electrical, tiling, and a host of other services and products like kitchen cabinets and more. We aim to be your one-stop-shop for all things kitchen.

If you are interested in working with us for your indoor or outdoor kitchen construction or renovation, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with us. You can call us up at 02 9484 3464 or leave a message on our contact page, so you can view our extensive range of custom kitchen cabinets and home furniture style and at the same time talk to one of our staff about your requirements.

Installing optical Fibre using Blown Method

Overall blowing method is preferred over the traditional pulling method due to savings in manpower & installation time and improved installation efficiency, particularly in longer ducts with various bends and undulations. In this application note, cable installation by blowing method and its best practices are explained well.

Blown optical fiber cable installation process

Cabling solution by using high-speed air flow combined with additional mechanical pushing force is simply known as “blowing or jetting” of fibre optical cable. Cable blowing is the process of installation of optical fibre cable into a pre-installed duct. Compressed air is injected into the duct inlet after a few hundred meters of cable is pushed into the duct. Compressed air flows at high speed through the duct and along the cable. Compressed air flows at high speed through the ducts and along with the whole cable system. The pushing force is applied mainly near the cable inlet by any pushing device. There two different methods for blown optical fibre blowing which are discussed below:

Method 1 – High airspeed blowing of optical fiber

This method requires pushing the cable with a tractor mechanism by traction rollers in the blowing process for a few hundred meters and then introducing compressed air to make it cable inside the device.

Method 2 – Push/Pull blowing

In this type, of blowing unit, an air-tight piston is attached to the front of the cable. And, this one is the easiest cable solution to do as compared to the previous one. The air pushes this piston, and the piston pulls the cable.

We at GM Cable Solutions, provide you complete Blown optical fibre installation service with complete practice:

Cable Crash test

Cable drums pay-off

DUCT integrity Test

Cable Capping

To know= more in detail stay in touch with us at www.gmcable.com.au.

Stainless Steel Kitchen Modern Sink Design Ideas

Are you looking for replacing your kitchen sinks? or renovating the whole kitchen.

  1. Swap a drop-in sink for an under-mounted stainless steel sinks

You can replace all your under bench, under counter, under-mount sinks, which are appealing because of their clean line aesthetics that de-clutter benchtops. On top of that, they are exceptionally practical – one of the most pressing problems with drop-in stainless steel sinks is that you’ll have to cut into a large portion of your stone to install it.

  1. Square shape stainless steel sinks

If it’s the modern look you are after a square stainless steel kitchen. The minimalist square look will give your stainless steel kitchen a contemporary and timeless feel. They’re also naturally larger than their round counterparts leaving you with more bowl space to work with.

  1. A Brushed Stainless Steel Finish

It would be no surprise to anyone who owns a stainless steel sink that will scratch easily. Whilst stainless steel is one of the much-known materials, which is durable, long-term use is bound to cause small scratches.

Combine this with a square style and a brushed finish, and you’ll end up with a modern kitchen styling, yet highly functional stainless steel kitchen sink to last for decades to come.

Get in touch with our experts at https://southerncrosslaser.com/ for all your kitchen renovation needs with stainless steel sinks

Home Builders Sydney: 5 Steps to Create a Dream Home

Creating your dream home might seem exciting but you’ll soon discover that it’s a challenging job. With numerous home builders in Sydney and an overwhelming number of design options to choose from, selecting the right design can get complicated at times. Here’s a list of some helpful steps you can take to create a dream home smoothly and within your budget.

  1. Prioritize Features: Make a list of the most important features you want in your new home. Whether it’s a particular style of kitchen benchtops you’ve always admired or a luxurious bathroom design you have in your mind, experienced home builders in Sydney can help you turn your vision into reality.
  1. Visualize: While searching for a perfect design, you’ll come across some really great ideas. Make sure to save these ideas whether you find them in some design magazine or a popular site like Pinterest. Once you start collecting ideas, you’ll discover a whole new range of possibilities for every room of your new custom home. That’s how visualisation can help you create a dream home that will exceed all your expectations. And, make sure you inform your custom home builder about these ideas as well.
  1. Plan In Advance: Most often, we think about just our current needs when building a new home. However, considering your present as well as future needs can prove to be very beneficial in the long run. Whether you need some additional space in the future for your growing family or you remodel your kitchen or bathroom on a frequent basis, it’s a good idea to consider these possibilities while designing a custom home.
  2. Consider Your Own Personality And Lifestyle: One of the best things about custom homes is that you can personalise them in any way you want. From flooring to roofing material and from landscaping to kitchen accessories, everything can be personalised with the help of experienced home builders to reflect your exact requirements.
  1. Keep In Mind Your Budget: Now that you have a number of great ideas to create your dream home, do not forget to consider the cost of various features. Compare all the available options and choose the ones that give you the best value for your money.

For more guidance, get in touch with the leading home builders in Sydney – Oscar Development.

How to repair Your Motel Furniture in Best Way?

Are you about to start your motel business? Since this is a hospitality business, one of the important issues that you should pay attention to is the uniqueness of each motel furniture repair in Sydney, piece regardless it’s a chair, bed, table, cabinet, stool, or lounge seat. Why? Your motel furniture must be able to help your motel business function effectively and bring the following to your customers.

  • Set the right mood

Yes, we all know for a fact that most of your customers are motorists and travelers who want to have decent accommodation after an exhausting journey. It’s crucial that you take seriously the selection of motel furniture repair services for pieces that you will put inside the customers’ lounge area, communal dining area, and bedrooms because each piece will tell a story and set the right mood. For example, placing a Bristol lounge chair with a shade of red-orange in any room will depict a comfy atmosphere.

  • Pleasurable experience

When choosing the motel furniture repair like a chair or stool, make sure the effect on your guests the moment they sat is a pleasurable experience as if they are being transported to a new place. You can place a custom-made Sapphire lounge chair at your reception area to give the customer coming in the impression of an elegant place, something they could talk about with their friends.

  • Liven up any room

Your choice of motel furniture pieces can impact the overall view of any room of your motel. When deciding on the designs and colors of your furniture repair service, pick a piece that will liven up the room. Sometimes, even the lines of a custom-made lounge chair could make a lasting impression on the customer.

  • Pure comfort

One of the concerns you should not miss when looking for the right motel furniture pieces is whether they can provide pure comfort or not. Keep in mind, no matter how beautifully crafted a chair if it doesn’t deliver comfort and ease while sitting on it, it’s useless. Whenever you are making final choices on each furniture piece, never trade comfort for price or design.  Go for a furniture piece that will deliver a nice view and enjoyable experience to your customers.

What to look for when talking with numerous commercial furniture suppliers?

If you have the opportunity to meet numerous commercial furniture suppliers before making a decision where to contract your customised motel furniture repair, here are a few concerns you should open during the private consultation:

  • Wide range of products

This should be a priority when meeting with commercial furniture repair service, inquire if they could offer you a wide range of products that will fill in the basic furniture pieces needed for your motel business. Check if you have the freedom to choose the color, size, and shape of your chairs, tables, cabinets, and beds.

  • Stock availability

Of course, you may find the commercial furniture suppliers’ showroom full of models to choose from, but, can they easily provide you what you want. During the private meeting don’t forget to ask if what you see on their product catalogs and showroom are readily available. If most of them could guarantee enough stocks to fill your bulk orders, then, you just need to make a final decision on whom to award this deal.

  • Affordable pricing

Another concern you should look into before you commit to any of these commercial furniture repairs in Sydney is the pricing. Since you are just starting a motel business, it’s a plus point if the suppliers can offer you competitive prices, discounts, and other freebies.

  • Online customer support

Since we are in the digital age, it’s vital that your chosen commercial supplier could provide you online support even after business hours. A reputable commercial furniture supplier must be able to respond in a timely manner to whatever questions you have about their products.

Starting your motel business can be quite tough, especially if you have many tasks to complete prior to the official launch. If you want a hassle-free purchase of your motel furniture repair pieces, why not visit Home Upholstery for advice on items that would bring the best to your motel.

How Using a residential electrical services you can attract more tenants

If you are in the real estate business or property developers, then you may have experience in seeing many different types of suppliers assist in repairing your possessions. From handy people and plumbers to electricians, the trades you select for your business reflect highly for both current and potential tenants.

You may have overlooked an important key in the solution to this – hiring a residential electrician. There are many good reasons to choose an established franchise, including lowered service costs, properly vetted technicians, and the ease of dealing with a single company who does the hard work for you.


Residents will feel safer knowing that in common areas (or when they arrive home late at night), either CCTV will be filming or automatic lights are ready to light their way.

Imagine how much more attractive your residences would be to potential tenants with a lit-up staircase or gorgeous, soft garden lights!


It’s not just about aesthetics either, and your residential electrical services will be able to install indoor lighting that effectively lights a room. This can also be a lifesaver to those with poor visibility, ensuring that with good igniting they are not doing any further worsening to their eyes.

For more information about JBE Group Electricals, visit us at www.jbegroup.com.au today!

Cleaning and Maintaining Timber Veneer

Timber veneer has become very popular across Australian homes, with use indoors, cabinets, and furniture. They provide a beautiful look of solid timber at a fraction of the price, and they look best when properly cleaned and kept. It is very simple to keep the timber veneer clean. They should be regularly dusted with a soft cloth or feather duster to remove dust and debris. It is important to never use any abrasive cloths or cleaners like ammonia which can damage or destroy the surface finish. Some deeper cleaning can be performed with a warm damp cloth and a mild soap. To polish the timber veneer, use a dry cloth and furniture polish. Avoid anything containing silicone or abrasives.

Timber veneers can be quite susceptible to damage from water and heat. They should not be used where condensation frequently forms or as benches where puddles may sit. Prolonged water exposure can damage many finishes leaving them cloudy. Spills and stains on veneer surfaces should be cleaned up immediately with a damp cloth. Cleaners should only be used if approved by manufacturers like Forest Products. It is recommended to use coasters and coverings to prevent damage when veneer furniture is used.

As all timber veneer products are produced differently, with different surface finishes, consult the manufacturer’s instructions for care advice and approved cleaning methods. Experts like Forest Products can guide you through the specific maintenance requirements for your product.

Why choose Custom Made Cabinets?

Deciding on whether you want to go for custom made cabinets or ready cabinets for your kitchen can be a tricky decision, but choosing the best option which can provide the look and what you’re after can be difficult.

As ready cabinets are often the easiest and cheapest option to go for, they often come in standard sizes. The downside to this is there are limitations, meaning they don’t let you customize their measurements. This means if you have a kitchen with an unusual layout, ready cabinets won’t be the best option for you as they won’t have the cabinets you will need for that specific layout.

Custom made cabinets however will let you completely customize your kitchen the way you want it and with your specific measurements including height, depth, and width. This gives you more storage options for your kitchen cabinets allowing you to choose whether you want drawers, spice cabinets, or shelves in a precise location while also noting where the appliances are so they don’t damage each other when a cabinet is open. This lets you efficiently install the cabinets you want maximizing their uses while making sure it’s not wasting any space at the same time.

Custom made cabinets can also increase your home value when you decide to sell your house. As the cabinets will have been designed to be a perfect fit for the kitchen, they will look aesthetic and add value to the home too. If you’re searching for Kitchen cabinets Sydney on the internet, the best choice you can make is choosing custom made cabinets from Flat Cabinets who is one of the leading manufacturers of custom cabinets.